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The Science Behind Baking Perfect Cookies

Troubleshooting Common Cookie Problems

Even if you follow the recipe closely, there are some common problems that can occur when baking cookies. Here are some troubleshooting tips to help you overcome these issues.

Problem: Cookies spread too much during baking

If your cookies are coming out too thin and spread out, there are a few things you can try. First, make sure your oven is at the correct temperature. If it's too low, the cookies will spread out before they have a chance to set. Second, try chilling the dough for at least 30 minutes before baking. This will help the cookies hold their shape while baking. Third, make sure you are using the correct type of fat. Butter has a lower melting point than other fats, so using too much of it can cause your cookies to spread out.

Problem: Cookies are too hard or crunchy

If your cookies are coming out too hard or crunchy, it's likely that you are overbaking them. Make sure to set a timer and take the cookies out of the oven as soon as they are done. Another possible cause is using too much flour. Measuring flour by volume can be inaccurate, so try using a kitchen scale to measure by weight instead.

Problem: Cookies are too soft or cakey

If your cookies are coming out too soft or cakey, it's likely that you are using too much leavening agent, such as baking powder or baking soda. Make sure to measure these ingredients carefully and follow the recipe closely. Another possible cause is using too little fat. Fat helps to tenderize the cookies and give them a soft texture.

Problem: Cookies are unevenly baked

If your cookies are unevenly baked, it's likely that your oven is not heating evenly. Try rotating the baking sheet halfway through baking to help even out the temperature. Another possible cause is overcrowding the baking sheet. Make sure to leave enough space between the cookies for air to circulate.

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