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Introduction to R Programming

Lesson 5: Data Manipulation in R

Data manipulation is one of the most important aspects of R programming. It refers to the process of changing or transforming data to make it more useful for analysis or visualization. In R, there are several packages and functions that make data manipulation easy and efficient.

One of the most commonly used packages for data manipulation in R is dplyr. This package provides a set of functions that can be used to perform many common data manipulation tasks such as filtering, sorting, and summarizing data. For example, to filter data based on a specific condition, we can use the filter() function in dplyr. The following code filters a dataset to only include observations where the age variable is greater than or equal to 18:

data_filtered <- filter(data, age >= 18)

Another useful package for data manipulation in R is tidyr. This package provides functions to reshape data, which can be helpful when working with messy or complex datasets.

In addition to these packages, base R provides several functions for data manipulation such as subset(), merge(), and aggregate().

To further improve your skills in data manipulation in R, it is recommended to read the documentation for dplyr and tidyr packages. Additionally, the book "R for Data Science" by Hadley Wickham and Garrett Grolemund is a great resource for learning data manipulation in R.

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Lesson 6: Data Visualization in R

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