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Introduction to R Programming

Lesson 6: Data Visualization in R

Data visualization is an essential aspect of data analysis, as it helps to understand the underlying patterns and relationships in the data. R provides a wide range of tools and libraries to create beautiful and informative visualizations. In this lesson, we will explore some of the popular data visualization techniques in R.

One of the simplest ways to visualize data in R is using the plot() function. This function creates a scatter plot of the input data, which can help to visualize the relationship between two variables. For example, the following code creates a scatter plot of the mtcars dataset:

plot(mtcars$mpg, mtcars$wt)

Another popular data visualization technique in R is using ggplot2 library, which provides a flexible and powerful framework for creating complex visualizations. The ggplot2 library uses a layer-based approach, where each layer represents a different aspect of the visualization, such as the data, aesthetics, and geometry. For example, the following code creates a scatter plot of the mtcars dataset using ggplot2:

ggplot(mtcars, aes(x = mpg, y = wt)) +

Apart from scatter plots, R provides a wide range of visualization techniques such as bar plots, line graphs, box plots, heat maps, and more. The choice of visualization technique depends on the type of data and the research question.

To learn more about data visualization in R, I recommend the following resources:

  • R Graphics Cookbook

  • Data Visualization with ggplot2 Cheat Sheet

  • Data Visualization with ggplot2 Video Tutorial

  • Exploratory Data Analysis in R Video Tutorial

Take quiz (5 questions)

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Lesson 5: Data Manipulation in R

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Lesson 7: Statistical Analysis in R

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